Hello, friends! Exactly one year ago,  ChatGPT was launched to the public, and since then, it has created  a profound impact on the world.

“ChatGPT!” People found it difficult to believe that an Artificial Intelligence software could be this powerful.  The company that developed it, OpenAI, and its CEO Sam Altman, have become symbols of  the ongoing AI revolution. However, for the last few days, strange events took place in the company.

All of a sudden,  the Board of Directors of the company Sam Altman was fired! When the other employees found  out about this, they caused an uproar. Many people threatened to resign. Over the next four days,  the CEO changed at OpenAI thrice. But the most shocking thing was that the root cause of this turmoil is said to have been a mysterious AI named Q-Star.

Yes, you heard it right. A few days before Sam Altman’ was fired, researchers within the company penned a letter to the board of directors, the letter was a warning. The letter disclosed the development  of a highly potent AI that posed a potential threat to humanity. This AI not only excelled in solving  complex mathematical and scientific problems but also has the capability  to predict future events to some extent. This AI is internally referred to as Q-Star. This video aims to delve into this mystery. “-Why should we trust you? -Um, you shouldn’t.” “This morning, a blockbuster shook in the world of Artificial Intelligence.”  “Sam Altman, the co-founder of OpenAI being forced out by the Board.” “Altman once chose Microsoft.” And he chose Microsoft again.” “Yet another twist in the Sam Altman saga at OpenAI.”

This year, Tom Cruise’s latest  Mission Impossible film was released, “Dead Reckoning Part 1,” friends, if you remember, the main antagonist in this film was not a human but an Artificial Intelligence software. In this film, this AI software was named Entity. Entity was so powerful that it was omnipresent. It could manipulate humans however it wanted, and mathematically, it could predict  the future through mass surveillance.

Predicting the future didn’t mean that it could provide a 10-year or 15-year outlook, instead, in any particular situation, it could predict the future outcome for the next day or the next week. This AI excelled not just in 2-3 specific tasks; it outperformed humans in nearly all tasks it undertook. This form of Artificial Intelligence is known as AGI, or Artificial General Intelligence. “AGI, a computer system that can do any job or any task that a human does but only better.” The famous AI software present today like the Language Learning Models like ChatGPT, or generative AI tools like MidJourney, are classified into the category of Weak AI. Because these softwares are considered to be weak. They excel in specific tasks, they execute the tasks for which  they were trained better than humans, but they specialise in only those tasks. If a robust AI like AGI exists it would be able to perform various tasks better than humans.

But at this point in time,  Strong AIs do not exist. OpenAI was established as a non-profit in 2015. It had a singular mission: to develop an Artificial General Intelligence or AGI, for the benefit of humanity. The company’s website clearly outlines its mission. “To ensure that Artificial General  Intelligence benefits all of humanity.” Prominent tech entrepreneurs came  together to create this company, including Sam Altman and Elon Musk. There were 10 co-founding members of OpenAI in total. The current chief scientist, Ilya Sutskever, and the President of OpenAI, Greg Brockman were also included. Remember these names because  they play a crucial role in this saga. All co-founders collectively pledged  $1 billion to OpenAI. In 2019, four years after its incorporation, Sam Altman assumed the role of CEO.

Four years after that, on November 17, 2023, the board of directors unexpectedly fired Sam. In case you don’t know, friends, there is often a Board of Directors in large corporations, in most cases, they hold the authority to appoint or dismiss the CEO. As per the rules, it is normal for  the Board to have this authority.  In this case, OpenAI’s Board comprised six members, I have already named 3 of them. Sam, Ilya, Greg, and three independent executives: Adam, the CEO of Quora, Tasha McCauley, a Tech Entrepreneur, and Helen Toner. Decisions are typically made through majority voting, and in this scenario, Sam wouldn’t fire himself obviously.  So only five directors remain. Apart from firing Sam, the board of directors dismissed Greg too. This suggests that Greg likely did not vote against Sam.

With only four individuals remaining, namely Ilya, Adam, Tasha, and Helen, these four informed Sam of their decision  to fire him via a Google Meet call. The public was not provided with much information about the reason behind this. The board vaguely mentioned issues with Sam’s communication and hinted that he may have been concealing information. After their termination, neither Sam nor Greg issued any statements explaining the circumstances. Sam expressed his disappointment on Twitter. This was a shocking decision in the tech world. The abrupt firing of such a powerful and influential CEO by four members of the Board. What were the undisclosed reasons behind this?

As mentioned earlier, OpenAI was  initially established as a non-profit, something that is very unique and important.  Because the other popular companies in Silicon Valley are all for-profit. Facebook, Meta, Google, Microsoft, and Apple, develop products and sell their services to earn money. They operate to make profits. But OpenAI’s primary objective was to develop an AGI for the benefit of humanity, this was more of a research facility. It was outlined in its charter that the company’s duty is towards humanity. Neither towards the investors,  nor towards its employees. However, this non-profit model was short-lived. In 2019, the year Sam Altman assumed the role of CEO, OpenAI introduced a for-profit subsidiary company named OpenAI Global LLC. This subsidiary operates on a capped profits model, The profit earning would be capped with a limit.

They limited returns to 100 times the initial investment. Any investors investing in this for-profit company would get 100 times the return on their investment at most. Any excess profits earned by this company would be directed back to  the non-profit parent company. In 2019, OpenAI’s for-profit subsidiary  secured its first funding from Microsoft.  A monumental $1 billion investment from Microsoft. Over the following four years, as the  subsidiary gained widespread recognition, it successfully attracted a total of $13 billion in investments. Presently, Microsoft is reported to hold  a 49% stake in OpenAI’s for-profit arm. Before delving into Microsoft’s involvement, it’s crucial to understand that while establishing a for-profit subsidiary, it was asserted that the primary control of this subsidiary would remain with the non-profit main company, OpenAI. However, these conflicting arguments raise a major question: how should the balance between for-profit  and non-profit activities be struck? Furthermore, once AGI is developed, how much of it should be commercialized and how much should be designated as non-profit? If profit is prioritised in all aspects it would have an adverse effect on the world.

As exemplified by Facebook, whose algorithms prioritized profit over users’ well-being, whether it involves mental health issues, addiction among users, spreading hate speech on the platform, whether it causes riots in the world. “Facebook, in India, has been selective in curbing hate speech,  misinformation and inflammatory posts, this is according to leaked documents obtained by the Associated Press.” Two years ago, there was an expose  named the Facebook Papers. I talked about it in this video. Some people are worried that AI would do the same. Before Sam was fired, some insiders revealed that  researchers working at OpenAI wrote a letter to the Board of OpenAI. This letter expressed concerns about Q*,  the AI they are developing, that could be a significant step toward achieving AGI. But they were concerned about the potential of Q-Star. The exact capabilities of Q-Star are known only to those researchers  and employees within the company, but conceptually, Q-Learnig is an AI concept that falls  within the realm of reinforcement learning. Reinforcement learning is  an AI training approach. This technique involves AI learning through human feedback, continually improving its understanding  of the environment and decision-making. Those of you who have completed my course on ChatGPT, would be familiar with this. And for those unfamiliar I’d like to tell you, I’ve created a 4.5-hour course on ChatGPT,  encompassing both theory and practical aspects. In it I teach you how you can benefit form using AI  to take your life and your career to the next level. There are 6 chapters in the course. In the first chapter, I have explained  the basics of Reinforcement Learning. In the second chapter, I have explained Prompt Engineering, Tokens, and the technology behind ChatGPT. But from the third chapter, you will realize that this is a tool that should be used every day. Whether you have to study for exams.

Studying can be 2-3 times more efficient. You can use it to get motivation. If you need advice on anything,  ChatGPT can help you. The fourth chapter focuses on daily life uses. For example, if you have to go somewhere you won’t have to spend money  on travel agents for travel planning. ChatGPT can be your travel agent for free. ChatGPT can help you with  food and diet planning too. The fifth chapter is my personal favourite because it focuses on business owners. How you can use it to increase sales in your business, to handle customer feedback, and for marketing your business too. This is why I use ChatGPT daily and you won’t believe how much  my productivity has increased. And this entire course is a one-time purchase. You get lifetime access to watch these videos. And there’s another good news since this technology is improving exponentially, I’ll add free updates on this course within a few months. Those of you who have already purchased this course, check it out after 2 months. New lessons will be added to this course. And those of you who have not joined yet, the link is embedded in this QR code or you can get it in the description or pinned comment.

However, integrating Q-value learning into this AI Use the coupon code AGI40 to get 40% off. optimal answers to any and all questions. This will be available for only the first 400 people. about the mysterious Q* AI. You can check it out. know how well it is progressing. I am sure you will find it very useful. The individuals who raised concerns about Q* Now, returning to Q*, Their fear stemmed from the potential imbalance  it is named after a Q-value function, Although the board of directors cited  This function is denoted as this the underlying issue revolved around conflicting ideologies. [Q(S,A)] advocating commercialization where S represents the state is more concerned about the potential threats and A signifies the action. That is an ongoing debate. Q* is a function that encapsulates  substantial funds are necessary  the most optimal point. from investors without which To illustrate, consider a game of chess. Non-profit supporters, on the other hand, Imagine your chess piece occupying  could compromise the original mission a specific square on the board A few days before this controversy began, its position would be termed state S. said this at a conference on 10th November.

The subsequent move you intend to make in chess Getting your technology from a non-profit, would be referred to as action A. that is entirely controlled by one human being?” Its Q-value function would predict all possible scenarios. But the intricate balance between both sides in OpenAI, All the potential outcomes for  In February 2023, ChatGPT+ was  every possible move you could make. followed by the launch of an API  Following a thorough analysis, allowing other companies to  the function identifies the best possible  On March 14th, GPT-4 was unveiled. move based on your current position. commercialization in the preceding months, This best and most optimal move derived by the Q-value function, After ChatGPT’s release, the path to  is termed Q-star in mathematical language. They couldn’t continue being an idealistic research lab. This would be the best move for you to play  In October 2023, OpenAI introduced  in any given situation in this game of chess.  integrating it with the paid versions of ChatGPT. I used the chess board as an example. the company hosts its first developer conference, But the same can be done with anything in the world. Today, we got about 2 million developers Picture driving on a highway doing amazing stuff…” where AI can predict the speeds and  reminisce of those from Apple or Google, driving styles of surrounding cars.

custom-built models of ChatGPT, By analyzing these factors, it can forecast how  This shift expands from a singular ChatGPT  these cars might move in the next few seconds We’ll talk about this in greater detail in the course update. based on which it can provide you  on one side were Sam and President Greg with the most effective driving instruction. while on the other side, Chief Scientist Ilya Similarly, envision Q* AI analyzing  Ilya was driven by a strong commitment to AI safety. every possible scenario before an election, that he was worried about AGI systems treating humans predicting potential outcomes of the election. According to Ilya, AGI is not a distant prospect; If OpenAI’s mysterious Q* possesses such capabilities, so we need to be prepared for it. it has the potential to make  what AI can do. significant predictions about the future. Then it will become clear the things in the Mission Impossible film, In July OpenAI announced  might just be possible. dedicated to AI safety techniques, led by Ilya. Predicting human thought patterns. computer chips exclusively for this purpose, analysing all possible decisions in any given moment, By August-September, accurately predicting how a certain person  two distinct factions within OpenAI. might make decisions in specific situations. Sam was focusing on upcoming launches  From business dealings to political moves, talking about GPT-5, this Q* AI has the potential to influence everything. AI safety within the company, While humans can do this to some extent, While Sam pursued raising billions in  however, AGI can surpass human capabilities Consequently, the other four members  since humans have their biases and are emotional.

were leaning towards Ilya’s conservative approach.  We make decisions based on our emotions. the development of the powerful Q*, But the AI would make its predictions  of removing the for-profit section from the company. solely based on mathematics. appoints Meera Murati as the interim CEO In a chess game, for instance,  However, by the morning of November 19th, after evaluating all possible moves, with a significant majority supporting Sam. this AI can provide the most optimal move. holding a 49% stake in the for-profit subsidiary, This AI would be able to give you the most accurate predictions. Microsoft started pressuring the Board  For now, ChatGPT excels at writing and language translation Negotiations between the board and  by predicting the next word. when Sam had to use a guest pass would elevate its capabilities to provide  fueling speculation that he might be back as the CEO. These are some speculations The next day, OpenAI announced that Only the people working in OpenAI  was the new CEO of OpenAI. And how close it is to becoming an AGI. the creation of a new advanced AI research team at Microsoft, were apprehensive about the direction OpenAI was heading. Satya Nadella’s move catapults  between the benefits and harms to humanity. And people started wondering:  a vague reason for Sam’s dismissal, Should I just leave? On one side, there is the for-profit group 743 out of the company’s 770 employees On the other side, the non-profit group  of Sam and Greg weren’t reinstated. Which of these ideologies is right? Mira Murati, the interim CEO,  Advocates for for-profit argue that this was followed by a wave of tweets for better technological advancement “OpenAI is nothing without its people.” it won’t be possible to succeed. if the CEO of the company is fired express concerns that a profit-driven approach the company becomes worthless. and pose significant risks to humanity.

Ilya signed the letter and posted this tweet. Microsoft’s President Brad Smith is crucial for implementing safety precautions. “Which would you have more confidence in? Sam, Ilya, and Greg, unite. or a for-profit company  members remain steadfast.  Here, he was indirectly talking about Mark Zuckerberg.  also threatened to resign, and was deteriorating for some time. In the aftermath of these events, it was  introduced as the first paid version, Consequently, on November 21st,  Application Programming Interface on March 1st, At the end, the three independent directors were powerless to integrate ChatGPT into their systems. and employees of the company. Employees noted a shift towards hyper- these 3 board members were fired. creating a divide between the two factions. Both board members who left were women, revenue and profits were evident. Brett Taylor, former co-CEO They had customers and had to serve those customers. its advanced image generator, DALL-E3, Subsequently, on November 6th, “Welcome to our first-ever OpenAI Dev Day. building on our APIs for a wide variety of use cases, During this conference, Sam delivers a presentation announcing the capability to create  they were referred to as the GPTs. to numerous customized GPTs, But here, with the increasing commercialization, advocating for and encouraging commercialization, and others were feeling uncomfortable due to this. At one point, he had told his employees, similarly to how humans treat animals today.

and that we will see AGI in action in the near future, “More and more people see And where it is headed towards. how much trepidation’s appropriate.” the formation of a super-alignment team The company allocates 20% of its  emphasizing safety and AI alignment. a clear dichotomy emerged between  They were working towards opposite directions. and the next big thing while Ilya concentrated on enhancing  outlining necessary precautions. investment for accelerated development, of the Board of Directions in OpenAI, Upon receiving the letter about  the board recognized the potential benefits  Following Sam’s dismissal, the board swiftly  on November 17th. a stir ensued among the company’s employees, Microsoft found itself in a delicate situation, so they didn’t want the disintegration of the company. to reinstate Sam as the CEO. Sam took place on November 19th, to enter the OpenAI office, But that didn’t happen. ex-CEO of Twitch, Emmett Shear,  On the same day, Microsoft’s CEO, Satya Nadella announced it was led by Sam and Greg. Microsoft’s stock price to a record high. how would OpenAI’s new CEO Emmett Shear react? Amidst the uncertainty, news breaks that wrote a letter threatening resignation  Over 90% of the workforce threatened to resign. was the first to sign the letter, from employees emphasizes that  That’s true. and 90% of the employees leave, Then came the biggest twist in this story. Ilya realized that the company’s survival As a result, three co-founders,  However, the three independent boards  Adding to the complexity, the new CEO, Emmett, demanding clarity on the reasons behind Sam’s termination.

became evident that there was no alternative.  Sam was reinstated as the CEO of OpenAI. against the CEO, co-founders,  After Sam was reinstated, 2 out of  Leaving only Adam D’Angelo. and two new members joined the board.

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